Differences Between Damask, Brocade, and Jacquard

Often times, uneducated individuals use the terms damask, brocade, and Jacquard interchangeably with one another. It can often confuse those who are unfamiliar with the world of fabrics. Jacquard is a decorative or woven pattern that is created by using a Jacquard attachment on a loom. The attachment resembles the punch card on a piano. It is purported to offer better versatility and fabric control for the operator of the loom. The Jacquard technique can be applied to a variety of fabrics, and it is commonly used on brocade and damask fabrics. It is commonly used in a variety of apparel and home goods, from tablecloths to bedding.

Brocade is defined as a lavishly decorated, shuttle woven fabric. It is primarily woven from silk; although, it is possible to find brocade constructed from a blend of silk and synthetic fibers. Often, it will be embroidered with gold or silver thread. Brocade can trace its origins back to India, where weaving is a traditional art form. It is typically woven on a loom, and it may or may not be woven using the Jacquard technique. It is also characterized by the manner in which the brocaded or broached parts of the fabric hang in loose groups or are clipped away. Although the scenes and patterns on brocade appear to have been embroidered, the scenes are actually woven into the fabric using advanced weaving techniques that involve manipulating the weft and weave of the fabric. The most common types of scenes depicted on brocade fabric are those of floral prints.

Damask, similar to brocade, is a fabric that features woven scenes of floral patterns, intricate geometric designs, or simple scenes of domestic life. It may be woven of silk, wool, linen, cotton, or synthetic fibers. However, it is most commonly created from silk. It is primarily different from brocade in the fact that its woven fabric pattern is reversible, while that of brocade is not. Similarly, shorter weft patterns in damask allow for more subtle effects in the fabric to be created as it plays off of shadow and light. Damask weaves also contain a higher thread count than that of brocade. Double damask weaves are the highest quality of damask produced; however, it is also the most expensive.

How to Make Your Wedding Stand Out With Wedding Favors

Why do you want your wedding to be unique? It is obvious almost every one who is getting married desires every one to have a great time and remember that special day. What is going to make your wedding day any different from your sisters or cousins ​​wedding. I will tell you what will make a guest remember your wedding. It is the guests, food and the decor you have at your reception.

Wedding Favors can add a special touch to your wedding day decor. They make very memorable keepsakes of your special day and are great for memories. Here is a list of some really nice party favors that you can have at your wedding.

Bride and Groom Favors Boxes

Whimsical but still proudly displaying a dash of formality, these bride and groom favor boxes double as place card holders and are a charming little touch to any place setting.

Love Glass Coaster Favors

Love spells sophistication. These frosted glass coasters make elegant and useful guest favors, ones that your guests will truly appreciate and use for years to come. Most retailers will offer you free personalized tags if you order 24 or more. Show your guests some love.

Photo Frosted Glass Coasters

These gorgeous frosted glass frame coasters will protect your memories forever. Crafted of heavy high quality frosted glass, each coaster features four padded "feet" to protect surfaces. Present your guests with these lovely gifts in any number of ways: framing a photo of the happy couple, used as a place card holder, inserted with a personalized tag of your name and wedding date, or simply displaying it with the beautiful Thank You tag that comes with the favor. Just add a your best picture and it makes an instant keepsake.

Something Blue Gift Boxed Candle Favor

Here is a new take on a time-honored custom. If you already have something old, something new, and something borrowed, but you are missing something blue, then this is the party favor for you. This miniature blue candle gives off a heavenly scent and is detailed with striking white flooring, ending in a bow atop the candle. This party favor makes a great addition to any wedding.

Well these are just a few of the many different types of party favors that you can use to make your wedding more unique. So just browse around the many retailers and we are sure that you will find the perfect favors for your wedding.

Drive Traffic To Your Site Through Pixel Advertising

What is pixel advertising?

A pixel is a small dimensional square that is on a website. These sites are divided into a dimensional grid that allows people to pick a square or squares to advertise in them. You can submit a picture to be in that pixel area. The pixel then places on that page for a designated period of time. Some people give away free advertising. Others sell the advertising and allow you to submit your advertisement for a designated period of time. It is effective with the proper amount of advertising.

Where did it come from?

It came from a British Student. He was looking for a way to make some extra money. He thought if he could make a pixel page and sell the pixel blocks that he would be able to make a couple of bucks off of the advertising.

How does pixel advertising drive traffic to your site?

Some pixel advertisements are completely able to drive traffic because they allow affiliates to post the pixel page on their site. When you click on the link that is associated with the pixel advertisement it will take you to a place to sign up to advertise. It also allows people to click on the pixels. Lets say that they have millions of associates that are advertising the website for free on their site. That means that millions of people who visit the different websites the chance to see your website.

Pixel advertising has been creating an income for many groups.

Some create these advertising sites for income, some do it for fundraising, and yet others use it to create a portal for for niche advertisers. It is simple advertising medium and it allows people the ability to make a great income online and offline. It drives traffic to peoples websites by advertising it. People come and they click. Trust me I know from person experience that it really does work. The best pixel site to visit are the wons with good traffic. A pixel site with good traffic will tell you that they are getting traffic from certain sources, and most of the time they will tell you the sources also.

It has been speculated that pixel advertising is a fad.

It has been said that is can not last, but rather we have seen a growth in this type of medium. It has also helped to create other types of advertising. Without this very simple version of advertising, word cloud pages, such as 500words.com, would not exist. They would be creating other forms of advertising online. It is creating a different type of advertising that will continue to grow online. It has taken something as basic as banner advertising and turned in to a multi million dollar business online. Do not expect it to disappear. You can find pixel advertising by searching for it in Google. The most recent search showed me that their were over 2 millions sites showing up in their database for pixel advertising. I would expect it to keep growing and changing over time. This is just the beginning of pixel advertising!

The Hopi and Their Jewelry

Hopi Silver Overlay Jewelry

The jewelry of the Hopi has a style distinct from that of the other Native Americans. The Hopi are known for the use of silver overlay, which utilizes a technique of fusing two layers of silver. The eye-catching and often elaborate design is on the top layer, while the bottom layers serves as a base.

It was not so long ago that the Hopi developed this technique. In fact the Hopi were not much into the making of silver. In their relative isolation on the northeastern Arizona high plains, or mesas, they were somewhat firewalled (so to speak) against external influences. Even their interaction with other Native Americans was limited.

Silversmithing of Native Americans

So while the Navajo learned and developed their silversmithing skills, a technique brought to the south-west of the American continent by the Spaniards, and which was then taken up by the Zuni, the Hopi were still practicing their own artistic heritage based on weaving and pottery. They were also adept at the making of kachina dolls, for which they deservedly remain renowned.

Time, of course, would not stand still, and even reliably isolated communities began to open up. Trading and commerce grew and the Hopi through their interaction with the Zuni exposed them to the craft of silver jewelry, at which the Zuni were now skilled. Lanyade, a Zuni, learned his silversmithing from the Navajo, and began to sell his silver jewelry. He travelled among the Hopi and Sikyatala became his student in 1898.

Sikyatala

Sikyatala is credited to be the first Hopi silversmith. It is reported that while Lanyade was at the Hopi reservation for four months, making and selling his silver jewelry pieces, Sikyatala was studiously observing and learning from the master at close range.

Sikyatala then began to use the technique of making silver jewelry. Other Hopi also began to follow and emulate the work of Sikyatala. In time the Hopi developed their own style, that of using overlay silver.

Hopi Silversmiths Paul Saufie and Fred Kabote

This technique did not so much evolve as was created by the Hopi silversmiths Paul Saufkie and Fred Kabote who were involved in a program at the Museum of Northern Arizona in 1938. After World War II the Hopi Guild was formed to encourage a program of silversmith training .

The designs of the silver overlay jewelry of the Hopi were also unique in that they adapted designs from the old broken pottery pieces of the 15th and 16th centuries. New motifs were also incorporated by the Hopi Guild, including kachina symbols.

The cross-currents in Native American jewelry nowdays mean that there are cross-influences as well. And different styles from the different currents may well find themselves evident in any piece of modern American Native jewelry.

But the fascinating development of Native American silversmiths and their crafts, in their different streams of artistic design, does not entirely obscure the original creativity. The silver overlay technique was the creation of the Hopi, even if it may now be employed by others.

Michael Kabotie

In ending, it may be noted that the work of Fred Kabote was continued by his son Michael Kabote (also spelled 'Kabotie'). Michael Kabotie recently passed away at the age of 67. He was a trail-blazer in the Native American fine arts movement, both as a Hopi artist and jeweler. His paintings were well-received, depicting traditional Hopi life. For a number of years, he also tapped the Hopi overlay technique at the Idyllwild Arts program in Southern California.